Major Research Studies Undertaken / Being Undertaken

1.  Impact Assessment of Health Systems 20/20 Mission Convergence Project

The key objective of the study was to evaluate the impact of the Health Systems 20/20 Mission Convergence Health Project interventions. The pilot intervention was designed to increase access to and use of essential maternal and child health services and Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojna (RSBY), and to reduce out-of-pocket expenditures for drugs and medical consultations via a clinic model.

Two cross sectional surveys were conducted across the slums of Delhi, categorised as the Intervention and Control Slums. A Baseline survey was conducted for the purpose of establishing initial indicators for the program. After the implementation of pilot intervention an endline survey was conducted, which sought to assess the changes in key indicators between baseline and endline using difference-in-differences (DID) analysis.

2.  Evaluation of Integrated Scheme of Micro Irrigation (MI) Scheme

The evaluation of the MI Scheme was undertaken with an objective to estimate the total area covered under drip and sprinkler in selected states since inception of the MI Scheme and to estimate the reduction in fertilizer usage, increase in fertilizer use efficiency, and savings in labour, pesticides, energy and other operational needs.

3.  Baseline Study for National Urban Health Mission

The study was conducted to analyze the health and living conditions of the urban slums population. It examined the living environment of slum population, utilization of maternal and child health services, family planning, and access & attitude of slum dwellers towards availing medical facilities. Besides individual and household surveys, the facility audit surveys of service delivery points like government and private hospitals, clinics, pharmacies and general stores were also conducted.

4.  Evaluation of Rashtriya Sam Vikas Yojana (RSVY)

The core objective of the study was to draw lessons with regard to the processes and outputs of the Backward Districts Initiatives of the Rashtriya Sam Vikas Yojna (RSVY), so that the same can be applied in the implementation of future programs, Backward Regions Grant Fund (BRGF) in this case.

5.  Impact Assessment of National Programme for Control of Blindness

The broad objectives of the study were to assess the level of awareness created by Govt. of India IEC materials/ activities among the target population and to evaluate the media habits and effectiveness of media tools used among the different target groups.

For evaluating the impact of IEC activities, a ‘quasi-experimental design’ was used to assess the change in the awareness and knowledge levels. A judicious mix of quantitative as well as qualitative methods was used to ascertain the effects of the campaign as also to gather information on such important aspects as what needs to be done to improve the impact of IEC campaigns. Accordingly, in-depth interviews were conducted with the key implementing officials at State, district and block levels so as to capture their perceptions, views and opinions on various activities under NPCB. Besides, structured questionnaires were used to gather information from beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries.

6.  Study on Effectiveness of Population Research Centres

The broad objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of the Population Research Centres (PRCs) and identify the role that these institutions could play under the National Rural Health Mission. More specifically, the study intended to review and assess the role of PRCs and their effectiveness vis-à-vis their objectives in providing inputs to the Family Welfare Services and Population Policies of the Government.

In view of the study being qualitative in nature, in-depth interviews were conducted with the key functionaries of the PRCs. Besides this, secondary information, particularly, the findings of the earlier Review Committees were also analyzed to ascertain the implementation status of the committees’ recommendations and their outcomes. A SWOT analysis with regard to the PRCs was also conducted. The study made several policy recommendations so that the strengths of the PRCs are sustained and consolidated, and that their shortcomings are minimized through suitable corrective actions.

7.  Baseline-cum-Diagnostic Study under BRGF Scheme

Backward Regions Grant Fund (BRGF) scheme provides for the backward districts financial resources that would supplement the existing developmental provisions across various Government schemes. The assignment entailed identifying the underlying causes for the socio-economic backwardness and poverty of the districts and determining the baseline for the socio-economic indicators for impact assessment at the end of the scheme. Based on the result of this diagnosis, sector-wise 5-year perspective district plans were prepared giving sector specific strategies, interventions, budget lines and funding gaps that could be filled through BRGF.

8.  Most Significant Change (MSC) Technique (Evaluation of Unicef's BCC Project)

We were commissioned by Unicef for monitoring the behavior change process in Lalitpur district of Uttar Pradesh and Purbi Singhbhum district of Jharkhand through MSC technique. Under this programme, knowledge attitude and practice (KAP) level of beneficiaries was assessed by capturing the significant changes related to the four key behaviours — washing hands with soap, early initiation & exclusive breastfeeding, HIV/AIDS awareness and girls’ education. This was achieved by the collection of behaviour change stories from the beneficiaries and finally selecting the most significant of those stories by a panel of designated program stakeholders and AMS experts.

9.  Evaluation Study of Sub-Mission (Quality) Projects under ARWSP

The specific objectives of the study were to assess the — level of community awareness on issues pertaining to safe drinking water; initiatives taken by households towards ensuring a regular supply of safe drinking water, including treatment of water wherever necessary; infrastructure development processes and outputs; and arrangements related to operation & maintenance of the drinking water sources adopted by the community.

10.  Project Implementation Plan (PIP) for World Bank Assisted ICDS-IV Project

AMS was the State Consultant for the preparation of PIP for the World Bank assisted Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS–IV) Project in UP. It was designed to promote the holistic development of children under 6 years of age. Besides specific nutrition and health interventions, an intervention of pre–school education for 3–6 years olds was also built into the program. The program also covers women, particularly the expectant women, nursing mothers and adolescent girls. The plan preparation exercise consisted of situation & gap analysis of the ICDS program in the State followed by the designing of suitable interventions across various programme components of the scheme. These components were – Management & Institutional Strengthening, Capacity Building, Monitoring & Evaluation, IEC/BCC, Nutrition, ECE and Building Partnership & Convergence. All the activities across these project components both at the State and the district levels were budgeted based on the ground realities. The Project has already been approved by Govt. of India and the World Bank and is awaiting implementation in the State.

11.  Developing Communication Strategy for Promoting Use of Zinc Therapy

Diarrhea remains a leading cause of child deaths around the world. According to WHO, 10% of diarrhea related morbidity cases among children under-5 can be linked to zinc deficiency. Besides, several trials including the ones in developing countries have demonstrated that introduction of zinc supplementation in diarrhea treatment provides for a high impact child survival intervention. Based on such a premise, it was planned under the USAID-funded PACT-RCH project to launch a communication campaign for the promotion of zinc therapy in the treatment of childhood diarrhea in three states, namely, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Jharkhand. Preceding the launch of the campaign, AMS was commissioned to conduct an exploratory qualitative study on knowledge, attitude and practices of the healthcare providers with respect to the treatment of childhood diarrhea with special focus on use of zinc therapy. The overall aim of the study was to provide appropriate inputs for developing an effective communication strategy for launching the zinc therapy for the management of childhood diarrhea in the project states.

12.  Baseline Study under Rajasthan Rural Livelihood Project

The project was launched in 2009-10 as a follow-on project of the District Poverty Initiatives Program (DPIP) that aimed at providing ‘inclusive growth’ to the rural poor. It seeks to promote the formation of Self Help Groups (SHGs) among the rural poor, especially, women and the marginalized sections of society, by identifying and supporting their innovative approaches, and building their capacities towards enabling them to initiate and expand sustainable livelihood activities with the help of bank credits. The study was conducted to establish benchmarks for the key outcome indicators at the beginning of the project, against which future progress can be measured. The status of livelihoods among the rural populations in the 17 RRLP districts of the State has been estimated in terms of the extent of their asset bases (Natural Capital, Financial Capital, Human Capital, Physical Capital and Social Capital), as described by the areas of the asset pentagons. The report also highlights certain sustainable livelihood options which can be promoted in these districts.

13.  Study on Delays & Barriers to the Utilization of Emergency Obstetric Care

Funded by the World Bank, the broad aim of the study was to provide inputs for developing appropriate maternal health policies for averting preventable maternal mortality. More specifically, the study was mandated to — examine women’s treatment seeking behavior in response to obstetric emergencies; scrutinize potential barriers to the utilization of emergency obstetric care; investigate recent maternal deaths to understand the specific causes and timing of maternal death and the factors associated with preventable death based upon in-depth narrative verbal autopsies; and to examine the relative contributions of demand (social, economic and familial) and supply (access and quality) factors to women’s utilization of emergency obstetric care.

14.  Evaluation Study on Major Development Programs in Bihar affected by Left Wing Extremism

Supported by the Planning Commission, Govt. of India, the study sought to assess the impact of all the major welfare programmes/schemes on the intended beneficiaries as per the prescribed Government guidelines, besides assessing the sustainability, quality, design and plans for the maintenance of the systems involved.

15.  Evaluation of Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission (RGNDWM)

The study was conducted to assess the extent of coverage and access to improved drinking water services in the rural areas and evaluate the overall impact of the mission on the rural habitations, especially on women in terms of access to improved water services and awareness. The study also reviewed the sustainability of water sources in the habitations by calculating the sustainability index. This index was computed using 29 parameters under five broad aspects, namely, technology aspects, community and social aspects, financial aspects, water quality aspects and training aspects. For each of the 29 parameters, the responses from the households were quantified on a scale of 1 to 4 and State-wise averages were computed for each of them. The report also gave a brief account of actions to be taken by the Government to address the problem of providing adequate potable drinking water to the rural community at a convenient location at all times.

16.  Assessment of Inaccessibility of Health Facilities in Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand & Rajasthan

Supported by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of India, the study involved assessing the inaccessibility of health facilities so as to develop a strategy for ensuring optimum healthcare services delivery in difficult-to-access areas. Accordingly, a database was created to segregate the geographical locations of the health facilities into difficult, most difficult and inaccessible areas so as to decide suitable financial and non-financial incentives for the healthcare service providers posted in inaccessible areas.

17.  Baseline Study of Multi-input Area Development (MIAD) Programme in Bihar

In order to design appropriate interventions under MIAD programme, as also to monitor the progress of the various interventions planned, the baseline study was conducted to benchmark the key human development indicators in the four blocks across two districts of Bihar. The survey covered the following parameters: social and economic status, and current status of the key services such as those related to health, education and livelihood both in government and non-government sectors. The study broadly aimed at developing a more context specific understanding of the social and cultural aspects of the local community dynamics, socio-political embedding, and economic relations in the society.

18.  Concurrent Evaluation of National Rural Health Mission in Uttar Pradesh & Jharkhand

The key objectives of the assignment were – to conduct a survey and identify the gaps and constraints in programme implementation; and to provide suggestions for overcoming these constraints and improving the implementation of the programme with reference to functioning of health facilities and accountability in the delivery of health services

19.  Evaluation of State Institutes of Rural Development in Haryana & Uttarakhand

The overall objective of the evaluation study was to assess the effectiveness of the training programs conducted by SIRDs in terms of their impact on improvement in achieving the outcomes of the various rural development programs. The specific objectives of the study were to evaluate the processes involved in organizing training programs by these institutes and finding out the effectiveness of these processes; and to assess the impact of the training programs conducted on the participants’ knowledge, skill, attitude and performance.

The study was based largely on primary survey that was carried out using detailed questionnaires seeking qualitative as well as quantitative information. In order to assess the impact of training programs on participants’ knowledge, skill, attitude and performance, the 4-level model suggested by Donald Kirkpatrick was adopted.

20.  Social Assessment of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Programme

The chief objective of the Social Assessment of the ICDS programme was to gain an in-depth understanding of the community’s perception about it. More precisely the study sought to assess as to how the community perceives ICDS – as a feeding programme or as a programme for tackling malnutrition; and whether the community members understand the basic concepts of growth monitoring and their significance and the referral services being provided under the programme.

The technique of Focus Group Discussion (FGD) was used to gain an in-depth understanding of the community's perception about ICDS and its providers besides opinions, attitudes, behaviours, and practices of the target group within the complex rational social realities. In-depth Interview technique was used to capture the providers' perspective.

Other Research Studies  

  1. Socio-economic Impact Assessment and Road Users' Satisfaction Survey
  2. Concurrent Monitoring of Socio-economic Caste Census (SECC-2011)
  3. District Level Monitoring of MoRD Schemes in Bihar as National Level Monitors (NLM)
  4. Assessment and Evaluation of Safe Drinking Water Multimedia Campaign in UP & UK
  5. Baseline Study for the Extension Phase of Uttar Pradesh Health Systems Development Project
  6. Impact Assessment of the Water Campaigns in Rajasthan
  7. Baseline Study of Women Self Help Groups in Rajasthan
  8. Impact Assessment of National Agricultural Technology Project
  9. Evaluation/Impact Study of NREGS in Rajasthan
10. Study on Sustainable Development of Rural Housing in India
11. Community Monitoring Under NRHM in District Pauri and Pitthoragarh
12. Implementation of Communication Strategy for ICDS in Uttarakhand
13. Baseline Study of RCH Indicators in Urban Slums of Uttarakhand
14. Monitoring of Hot Cooked Food Scheme (HCF) in Uttarakhand under ICDS
15. Observation and Evaluation of Mid-Media Intervention Campaign
16. Annual Performance Survey of Health Facilities in Uttarakhand
17. Household Survey in Nine Districts to Assess Equity and Access of Vulnerable Group
18. Evaluation of Forest Development Agency Works in Rajasthan
19. Evaluation Study on Deployment & Professional Competence of Para Teachers
20. Evaluation Study on Reasons of High Dropout at Secondary and Sr. Secondary Stage in India
21. Micro Impact of Macro Adjustment Policies in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan
22. Evaluation of WFP Works in Udaipur Forest Division
23. Evaluation of Forest Development Agency Works in Rajasthan
24. Evaluation of BPL Medical Card and OERT Schemes in Rajasthan
25. Evaluation of the Availability and Usage of Key Project Inputs for RHSDP
26. Evaluation of Banking Services to Customers in Rural and Semi Urban Areas
27. Evaluation of Self-Employment Scheme for Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers in Rajasthan
28. Assessing the status and functioning of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas in Uttarakhand
29. Study of enrolment, retention and achievement level of Girls under NPEGEL in Uttarakhand
30. Evaluation of Pahal Scheme in Uttarakhand
31. Assessment of Impact of the inputs given for Children with Special Needs (CWSN) in UK
32. Ascertaining the Status of functioning of EGS Centres in the State of Uttarakhand
33. Study on the Motivational Level of Teachers at Elementary Level
34. Impact of In-Service Teachers Training Programme under SSA in Uttarakhand
35. Assessment of In-put impact of Mid-Day Meals Scheme (MDMS) on attendance and retention
36. Assessment of Enrolment, Retention and Achievement of Minority Children in Uttarakhand.
37. Assessment of Quality of DISE Data for Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan in Uttarakhand
38. Baseline Study on Effectiveness of DIETs in Uttarakhand
39. Measuring Impact of Scholastic & Co-scholastic Characters on Achievement Level of Students

Consulting Assignments

1. Preparation of Annual Project Implementation Plan for ICDS, Uttar Pradesh
2. Preparation of Annual Project Implementation Plan for ICDS, Uttarakhand
3. Preparation of BRGF Perspective Plans for Uttarakhand and Rajasthan
4. Preparation of Project Implementation Plan for ICDS–III Project in Uttar Pradesh
5. Preparation of Project Implementation Plan for ICDS-III Project in Uttarakhand
6. Preparation of Project Implementation Plan for the UPHSDP Extension Project
7. Preparation of Project Implementation Plan for RCH Phase-II in Uttar Pradesh
8. Preparation of Project Implementation Plan for Urban RCH Programme
9. Preparation of Project Implementation Plan for EC's Health Sector Investment Programme in UP

Large-scale Surveys   

  1. Annual Health Survey (AHS) in Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand
  2. District Level Household Survey (Round 4) in Haryana and Uttarakhand
  3. District Level Household Survey (Round 3) in Jharkhand, Uttarakhand, and Himachal Pradesh
  4. India Human Development Survey in Seven North Indian States
  5. Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS-INDIA) in Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
  6. Rural Economic and Demographic Survey (REDS)
  7. Census of Handicraft Artisans in Central, Northern and Eastern Regions
  8. Resource Mapping of Public Health Facilities on GIS
  9. Validation of Rural Economic and Demography Survey
10. Multi-Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS)

Training Assignments

  1. Designing of Training kit and Capacity Building of ICDS Programme Managers on SABLA
  2. Training on Use of New WHO Growth Standards under ICDS Program in UP and Bihar
  3. Two-day Orientation Programme of the Newly Recruited ICDS Supervisors  in Bihar
  4. Training of ANMs on IYCF and Mother & Child Card in the State of Uttarakhand
  5. Capacity Building of ICDS & Health Functionaries for Effective Delivery of NHEd in MP
  6. Training of ANMs/Staff Nurses/LHVs/ASHAs on Improving Early and Exclusive Breastfeeding
  7. Training of Chikitsa Prabandhan Samiti (CPS) Members on Hospital Autonomy in Uttarakhand
  8. Orientation Training of School Health Team Members in Uttarakhand
  9. Training of Mobile Health Van Staff on Efficient Use of BCC Material in Uttarakhand
10. Sensitization Training of PRI Members on NRHM in Uttarakhand
11. Training on Early and Exclusive Breastfeeding and other aspects of IYCF in Haryana
12. Job Training of ICDS Supervisors at the Middle Level Training Centre (MLTC) at Moradabad
13. Training on the New Mother and Child Protection Card specially designed by ICDS Uttarakhand
14 Capacity Building for Imparting Nutrition and Health Education
15. Training on Use of IEC Aids in Pulse-polio Programme
16. Training of ICDS Frontline Functionaries in up through District Mobile Training Teams
17. Training and Capacity Building of Elected PRIs under BRGF Scheme in Uttar Pradesh
18. Training of Women SHG Members in Uttar Pradesh
19. Gender Sensitization Training of PRI Members in the State of Haryana
20. Capacity Building of ICDS Functionaries for BCC towards Use of Iodized Salt in Uttar Pradesh